Historical Color Lithographic Images
Tympanic Membrane Pathology
Image and text preparation for Internet presentation by
Roy F. Sullivan, Ph.D.

I have in my collection two original German language editions of Lehrbuch der Ohrenheilkunde by Viennese otologist Josef Gruber, M.D.; Carl Gerold & Sohn, Vienna 1870, 1888. The earlier volume has two color lithographic plates of 24 TM images with descriptions embedded in text. Because of the dark textured paper on which the 1870 lithographs are printed, image resolution is fair, at best. The 1888 edition presents two excellent plates plates of 35 images each with descriptions in a separate table. Image/ engraving quality of the later version lithographs is superior to the original. The TM image diameters in both these volumes average 3/8". I would be grateful for any German-to-English translations which may be provided by linguistically gifted colleagues. [E-mail to:Roy F. Sullivan, Ph.D.]

The Internet author has reproduced a segment this significant work in the history of otoscopy so that colleagues may more fully appreciate the value of video otomacroscopy and otoendoscopy as a clinical tool. Images were captured using a 1200 X 1200 dpi optical resolution scanner. Graphic files were saved in native 24 bit color bitmap (.bmp) format. Post scan image processing and preparation for Internet presentation were carried out using Ulead MediaStudio Pro; Corel PhotoPaint 8; LiveImage Pro; Caere Omnipage Pro 8 and MS Wordpad. Images were ultimately converted and saved in .jpg format. Considerable graphic enhancement was required to offset the literally postage- stamp size of the tympanic membrane pathology figures.

Images are best viewed with the 800 X 600 pixel resolution recommended for the entire Video Otoscopy site. The browser MUST be capable of supporting FRAMES. Each lithograph is reproduced as an imagemap with either 6 or 24 anchor segments. Click on any segment in the scrollable middle frame and title with description, scanned from Dr. Gruber's own text, will appear in the scrollable bottom frame. All three frames are scrollable for those restricted by 640 X 480 screen resolution. Those with modest internet connectivity or less may suffer the download time for the major plates. The top frame provides access among any of the pages in this presentation.

Roy F. Sullivan, Ph.D. September 28, 1998
Garden City, New York